Ammonium dermatitis

Ammonium dermatitis

 

This disease is associated with the appearance of rash in the groin in infants. Although there are various causes of this dermatitis, the most common inflammation remains in direct contact. This disease occurs not only in babies using disposables, but also in adults who require their use.
Parents usually worry that not enough care for baby's skin and therefore the rash appears, but that did not. Ammonia dermatitis may occur in the first weeks of life the baby, but most often its appearance was observed between the 9th and 12th month. There are various causes of this dermatitis. Most often this is the direct irritation of the skin - the so-called contact dermatitis. Symptoms can range from slight redness to the erosion of the surface layers of skin. A feature that may distinguish this type of dermatitis from other rashes in the groin is that when it is rarely affected area of ​​the folds. This is due to the fact that they are not in direct contact with urine and feces.
Another common cause are skin infections are bacteria - staphylococcus and streptococcus, and candida fungi are among the most common causes. They result from disruption of skin integrity and overcome its protective mechanisms in the groin. In contrast to contact dermatitis in infectious usually affected just skin folds.
Less possible causes of the rash can result from allergic reactions. These are some of the perfumes and substances incorporated in wet towels or diapers. In rare cases, rash in infants can result from metabolic or nutritional disorders and immunodeficiencies. Naturally, poor hygiene of the baby can also be a cause for ammonium dermatitis.
The best treatment is associated with avoidance of offending agents, which led to the contact irritation and subsequent infection with bacteria or fungi. Frequent diaper change, as it restricts the contact of urine and feces with baby's skin. In such eruptions is recommended to wash your baby with water instead of using wet towels. Usually requires topical application of creams, Vaseline or zinc base. Extremely useful for rashes are warm baths in a sitting position 2 times daily for 15-20 minutes. Recommended leaving the baby undressed for a short time to allow skin to breathe.
If these measures do not work within 2-3 days, then it is a secondary bacterial or fungal infection. In this case requires the application of antibiotic ointments.
Parents typically wonder whether the use of cotton cloth diapers will help the rash disappears. Studies suggest the opposite - diapers have an absorbent layer that helps the weaker direct skin contact with urine. It is better to avoid creams containing high concentrations of steroids, baking soda, boric acid, and those containing neomycin.

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